The first trimester of pregnancy refers to the first three months of pregnancy. This is perhaps the most crucial time during the nine-month period. The chances of miscarriage are the highest during this time. The first trimester can be difficult in many ways. However, with proper care and medical guidance, you can minimize the difficulties and discomfort.Symptoms
The most conspicuous sign of a possible pregnancy is a missed period. Cramps and bleeding are also some of the other early symptoms of pregnancy. Spotting and cramps are caused by implantation of the fertilized embryo on the lining of the uterus.
Confirming If You Have Conceived
You need to confirm pregnancy through over-the-counter home pregnancy test kits. If this confirms pregnancy, you can visit your doctor for a proper confirmation. Your doctor will probably advise a urine test for testing the levels of BHCG.
Your body starts changing after conception to prepare for new life. Some of the first changes you notice are because of the changing levels of hormones in your body. You may notice an increase in vaginal discharge. Morning sickness is another major feature of the first trimester. Morning sickness, contrary to its name, can occur any time of the day. Some of the other symptoms are tenderness of breasts, swelling, and change in color of areola.
Mood swings are common for women in first trimester. They signal that the pregnancy hormones are at work. Mild mood swings are nothing to worry about. One moment you may be feeling on top of the world. The next moment, you may want to cry. Keep yourself busy spending time with friends or enjoying a favorite hobby. Have a meal at your favorite restaurant, or buy a new maternity dress. Visit family. This will help you stay cheerful. However, if you are depressed for extended periods at a time, visit your doctor.
Some of the problems possible during the first trimester are: too much weight gain, nausea, fatigue, and digestive disorders. Too much weight gain can be avoided by regular exercise and healthy meals. Avoid dieting during this period. If you feel cravings for certain foods, go ahead and indulge. During pregnancy, it is normal for women to gain 25-35 pounds before delivering their child.
Another problem for pregnant women is reduced metabolism, which gives rise to problems in digestion. Eat smaller meals. Reduce the intake of greasy foods. Eat plenty of fruits and nuts. Also, exercise so that the food is digested more easily. Your doctor will be able to help you more with medications, if needed.
Sleep more if you need to. Do not push yourself too hard. A nap in the afternoon is a good idea. This will help you overcome the feelings of tiredness and fatigue. Regarding sleep, listen to your body. If you feel like you should sleep, then do so! Eat mineral and protein rich foods to replenish the body’s nutrients.
First trimester pregnancy can be a challenge for many mothers. With proper medical guidance and adequate sleep and nutrition, you can have a healthy and happy first trimester.